Globalisation And Primary Education Development In Tanzania: Prospects And Challenges


1. Overview of the Country and Primary Education System:

Tanzania covers 945,000 rectangular kilometres, consisting of approximately 60,000 square kilometres of inland water. The populace is ready 32 million people with a median annual boom rate of two.Eight percentage in keeping with yr. Females incorporate fifty one% of the full populace. The majority of the populace is living on the syntaxbusiness.com, whilst the rest of the populace is living in Zanzibar. The life expectancy is 50 years and the mortality fee is eight.8%. The economic system depends upon Agriculture, Tourism, Manufacturing, Mining and Fishing. Agriculture contributes about 50% of GDP and accounting for about two-thirds of Tanzania’s exports. Tourism contributes 15.8%; and production, 8.1% and mining, 1.7%. The school system is a 2-7-four-2-3+ inclusive of pre-primary, number one faculty, normal level secondary training, Advanced level secondary, Technical and Higher Education. Primary School Education is compulsory wherein mother and father are alleged to take their children to school for enrollment. The medium of practise in primary is Kiswahili.

One of the key targets of the primary president J.K. Nyerere changed into improvement method for Tanzania as reflected inside the 1967 Arusha Declaration, which to be making sure that fundamental social services were to be had equitably to all individuals of society. In the training sector, this intention become translated into the 1974 Universal Primary Education Movement, whose aim turned into to make primary training universally to be had, compulsory, and provided freed from value to customers to ensure it reached the poorest. As the method became applied, large-scale increases inside the numbers of number one faculties and teachers had been added approximately through marketing campaign-style applications with the assist of donor financing. By the beginning of the Eighties, each village in Tanzania had a number one school and gross number one college enrollment reached almost one hundred percentage, although the best of training provided turned into not very high. From 1996 the schooling quarter proceeded through the launch and operation of Primary Education Development Plan – PEDP in 2001 to this point.

2. Globalization

To special students, the definition of globalization can be unique. According to Cheng (2000), it can consult with the transfer, adaptation, and improvement of values, knowledge, era, and behavioral norms throughout countries and societies in exclusive elements of the arena. The usual phenomena and traits related to globalization encompass boom of worldwide networking (e.G. Net, world extensive e-communique, and transportation), global switch and interflow in technological, financial, social, political, cultural, and gaining knowledge of areas, worldwide alliances and competitions, international collaboration and alternate, international village, multi-cultural integration, and use of worldwide standards and benchmarks. See also Makule (2008) and MoEC (2000).


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